Questioning Fertility in Indonesia and India

09 August 2021 | media_cpps
Conference, Information

CPPS UGM – Total Fertility Rate (TFR) is the average number of children born from a woman during her childbearing age (between the ages of 15-49 years). This indicator is important and strategic to determine the extent of the success of a country or the whole country in controlling its population through the Family Planning program.

To further question the fertility in Indonesia, the speaker from Center for Training, Research and Development BKKBN, Rina Herarti explained the results of the BKKN research entitled “Comparing Fertility Patterns of Migrant and Non-Migrant Women in Indonesia”.

“It’s important to look at further because in Indonesia, internal migration plays an important role in shaping the demographic and socio-economic structure,” Herarti said while being one of the speakers at the 5th Asian Population Association (APA) conference, Tuesday (3/8/2021).

The results of this study indicated that the use of contraception among migrant women is slightly lower than that of non-migrants, reaching 54 and 59 percent, respectively. However, the number of children born for all age groups among migrant women is lower than that of non-migrants.

In the group of women aged 45-49 years, the number of children ever born to migrant and non-migrant women was 2.9 and 3.1 children per woman, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed similar results for both groups.

Herarti added that there is a significant relationship between economic status, age at first marriage, age at first birth, and fertility. On the other hand, there is no significant relationship among education level, place of residence (rural or urban area), and fertility.

On the same occasion, Ritam Dubey, ICMR-NICPR, Noida, India presented the results of his study entitled “Is the whole greater than the sum of its parts? Assessing the quality of care across the continuum of reproductive and newborn health in India using the latest nationally representative data.”

Dubey said that evaluations on the access to quality maternal and child health services in India tend to use a fragmented approach. “This provides an incomplete and even misleading depiction of the reproductive health services available in India,” he explained.

Such condition made Dubey decide to conduct a study by analyzing data from NFHS-4 to map the use of reproductive health services from the series of prenatal care to postpartum care available for newborns in India.

The results of his study confirm that utilization of prenatal and newborn care in priority states and districts in the states is the use of lowest reproductive health care in India.

Writer: Citra Sekarjati/Media CPPS UGM  | Editor: Basilica Dyah – Rinta Alvionita |

Photo: APA Conference zoom screenshot (3/8)