Male And Female Circumcision

27 Juli 2012 | admin
Project At Glance
Country Indonesia
Region Yogyakarta, Madura
Name of Client Australian National University
Address Australia
Duration of Assignment 6 bulan
Start Date Januari 2002
Completion Date Juli 2002
Prinsipal Investigator Prof. Dr. Muhadjir Darwin
Principal Investigator (Not on the list)
Research Team Faturochman, Dr., Prof., Basilica Dyah Putranti, M.A., Ph.D (cand), Sri Purwatiningsih, S.Si., M.Kes.
Research Team (not on the list)
Profiles of Professional Staff Provided by The Center Social Psychology Specialist, Public Administration Specialist, Sociologist, Social Medicine Specialist.

Circumcision (sunat) which considered as an ancient practice continues to be carried out by several societies for some religious or socio-cultural reasons. International attention to this particular phenomenon is emphasized on the issue of human rights. In Indonesia, this practice is conducted on men and women. The objective of this research is to observe the supporting and hindering factors to the continuity of the practice. Besides, this research also tries to improve the practice in terms of medical aspects and avoiding gender bias.
This research is conducted in Yogyakarta and Madura. Those two areas are selected due to the fact that the people there still carry out the practice both on men and women. Furthermore, both areas are rooted from the same culture, which is Javanese syncretism culture. The research findings show that the society has local perspectives in understanding the contexts and the idioms used regarding circumcision. The significance of circumcision is grounded from Javanese cosmology and Islam teaching. The types and procedures of circumcision vary in the research areas. One of the most common methods for female circumcision is by cutting the tip of the clitoris. Meanwhile, the male circumcision is usually done by paramedics or traditional practitioners. There are not many serious complications caused by circumcisions, only short-term minor side effects. Male and female circumcisions continue to be practiced due to socio religious factors, medicalization, and sexual myths (especially among men). The vanishing of cultural significance and the absence of medical relevance results in the discontinuity of the practice of female circumcision.

Developing project proposal Developing research instrument (questionnaire) Data collection and analyzing Reporting and publishing research findings Formulating recommendation