Seksualitas Anak Jalanan|
Street children are an interesting and critical social phenomenon where their numbers in large cities is steadily increasing. They have been sexually active and vulnerable from sexual violence, and hence they have a high risk of sexually transmitting diseases’ (STD) infection.
This research applies a qualitative approach. Respondents are categorized into two major groups, namely those who are members of the Semarang Organization of Street Children (PAJS), and those who are not the members. Respondents were selected through the snowball sampling technique. A total of 37 respondents were interviewed, 13 of whom belong to the PAJS organization.
Nearly all street children live without their parents, 60 percent live in a camp and 24 percent live in “Rumah Tinggal Anak Bangsa” (Shelter for Nation Children) provided by the Department of Social Affairs. Most of them are migrants from other places and have already dropped out from school.
This study found a typical behavior of street children, such as drinking, criminal, and free sex. Sexual intercourse, they call it esek-esek or kenthu, are usually started in very early ages (less than 12 years old) and were usually done with people close to them. That kind of practice happens because of the conducive environment for such behavior. There is almost no moral constraint to practice free-sex. This is why sexual drives rise in younger ages. Those who never practice intercourse tend to fulfill their sexual drive through masturbation (they call it ngocok, ngocol, or nyabun). Though heterosexual act through genital contact is commonly practiced, homosexuality is also found. The percentage of sexual practice is higher among female children compared to the male. Some even work as prostitutes with simple compensation, not necessarily money, but meals or riding in a car. Places for sexual activities are vary, that includes abandoned train coaches, deserted buildings, market stalls, lodges, or open places.
The problem of street children is a complex one that could not be solved merely by security or coercive means. Various security or coercive efforts like controlling and collecting them in camps by government apparatus are found to be ineffective. These coercive actions even perpetrate hatred and enmity from them. These children need concern and sympathy not isolation and antipathy. Government should use more human and educative approaches. Any effort to take them out of the street should be done gradually, peacefully, and humanly by taking into account human right and ethical considerations. They also need special approaches to educate them and to make their existence is accepted as an integral part of urban communities.