The policy development for protection of children rights has been actually identified in the National Long-Term and Mid-Term Development Plans (RPJP and RPJMN). The RPJPN determines directions to develop human resources capacity through improvement of various programs in health, education, women’s empowerment and child protection. The empowerment of children and women is directed to improve the quality of women and children’ life, roles, and welfare, as well as to reduce violence, exploitation, and discrimination. Along with the direction of the RPJPN, the development of adopted child becomes a priority in the National Mid-Term Development Plan (Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menengah Nasional/RPJMN (2004-2009).
Melihat kondisi dan perkembangan penanganan korban kekerasan perempuan dan anak, diperlukan adanya studi terkait pelayanan perempuan dan anak di lembaga/instansi terkait yang meliputi pembiayaan layanan, jenis-jenis layanan, serta animo korban untuk melapor ke fasilitas layanan. Dengan studi ini, dapat dilihat pembiayaan khusus pelayanan korban kekerasan perempuan dan anak dibandingkan dengan SPM Pembiayaan. Di samping itu, studi ini sekaligus juga melihat kesiapan lembaga/instansi dalam menyediakan layanan untuk korban kekerasan perempuan dan anak.
Within the overall context of Indonesia, this Situation Analysis for Children Report aims to identify, analyse, and explore the available data on the trends and patterns in the major problems affecting children and women in Indonesia over the past decade (2000-2010). It also aims to explore policy initiatives, innovations, and challenges in responding to these problems in the new decentralised governance structures of Indonesia and to provide recommendations for policy makers and practitioners at the national and sub-national levels.
Save the Children sponsorship program for children to fulfill the needs of children from birth to adolescence. The mission of the program is funded by Sponsorship is to change the lives of children, both sponsored and non-sponsored children. This activity aims to ensure children have healthy lives early on, the opportunity to learn properly, and get protection from various threats to their lives. So that future children are expected to get a decent life and have a better chance at life and lifelong success. Save the Children has started implementing Long-term sponsorship programs in West Sumba in 2014 and Central Sumba 2015. This program aims to reach 100,000 children and their community for 10 years to improve the quality of education and health services for children in West Sumba and Central Sumba through five core programs.
Marriage is reality for many children, especially girls. Survey data notes that child marriage is prevalent in the world‟s poorest countries like in sub-Saharan Africa, South Central and Southeast Asia, Middle East and North Africa, and Latin America (see Table 1.1).1 The exact number of the practice is difficult to obtain as so many are unregistered. It is estimated, however, that 60 percent of girls in developing countries entered into union before age 18.2 In Indonesia, 34.5 percent of 2.049.000 marriages in 2008 are child marriage. It is also reported that during 2000-2008, the trend of child marriage at the national level and in Central Java tend to decline, but it tends to increase in West Nusa Tenggara and East Nusa Tenggara (BPS, 2009). As well as in other many countries, child marriage more often occur in rural areas among less educated girls.