Ageing Population and the Second Demographic Dividend in Indonesia
Heryanah (Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Sukabumi)
Ageing population will become an interesting issue in Indonesia afterward. Data of population census show that in 2023 those whose chategorize in pension age exceed 7 percent of the total population. The elderly dependency ratio of Indonesia will exceed 10 percent in 2023. The structure of population in Indonesia will become ageing in the near future. The objective of this essay is to give an overview about the first demographic dividend, ageing population issue and second demographic dividend in Indonesia based on the data of population projection 2010-2035. The economic implications and policies that should considered by the government are discuss as well.
Keywords: first demographic dividend, second demographic dividend, ageing population
The Dynamics of the Use of Contraceptives in Ever-married Women in Indonesia: Data Analysis IFLS 1997, 2000 and 2007
Eddy Kiswanto (Researcher, CPPS UGM)
The goal of this study was to determine changes in the use of contraceptives from 1997 to 2007 among married women aged 15-49 years and reasons of not using contraception anymore by using the data from Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS) 1997, 2000, and 2007. Descriptive analysis was used to expose the characteristics of ever-married women who use contraceptive tools. A cross tabulation analysis was used to gain patterns of contraceptive use based on individual characteristics. The results show that ever-married women using contraceptives are mostly in the age group below 40 years and only have 1-2 children. In terms of education, they are mostly poorly educated women married at a younger age whereas highly educated women tend to delay marriage. Based on the type of contraception, in both between 1997 to 2000 and 2000 to 2007, mostly used hormonal type. The majority of the new acceptors, as well as who stopped, in between 2000 and 2007 used hormonal contraception. The mostly reason of the cessation of the use of contraceptives was the desire to have more children. Most of them are in the age group below 30 years and only have 1-2 children.
Keywords: contraceptive tools, ever-married women, hormonal
Ideal Number of Children by Adolescents in Special Region of Yogyakarta
Umi Listyaningsih (Lecturer, Faculty of Geography UGM) dan Sumini (Researcher, CPPS UGM)
The perception on the ideal number of children and children desire tend to be described by couple age 15-49. Meanwhile, the teenager perception in such was also important, because it would be describing the fertility in future. That was the focus of this research. Therefore, interview to particular teenager in regency/city DIY was held. Total 500 teenagers were choosen randomly from each regency/city that repesented teenager of rural and teenager of urban. The research found that the ideal number on teenager perception was 2.17, but perception on the children desire was 2.11. As teenager opinion, existence of the children in the family were important because it can give benefit, such as for helping the parents, the source of parents’ happiness, the successors and a guarantee in the old days.
Keywords: teenagers, perception on the ideal number of children, perception on the children number desire
Strategi Rumah Tangga Miskin Perdesaan Keluar dari Kemiskinan: Kasus Tiga Desa di Kulon Progo, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta Strategies of Rural Poor Households to Eradicate Poverty: Case of Three Villages in Kulon Progo, Special Region of Yogyakarta
Agus Joko Pitoyo (Researcher, CPPS UGM) dan Muhammad Arif Fahrudin Alfana (Faculty of Geography UGM)
The purpose of this study is to describe the strategy of rural community out of poverty. The study was done in three villages with different geographical conditions whose high number of poor people. It is important to distinguish village based on the variations of geographical conditions which is referring to different strategies out of poverty. Operationally, the survey has been implemented by interviewing 323 poor households. Data was analyzed using descriptive analysis. The results showed there are variations in household strategies for coping with poverty. Poor households in three villages implemented more than one strategy. However, diversification of income sources is a strategy most preferred by the poor. Diversified business are to commercialize cattle and to increase the number of cocoa trees. The difference geographical condition comes to difference strategy.
Keywords: poverty, survival strategy, rural area
The Dual Roles of Women Traders in the Art Market of Mertha Nadi, Legian, Bali
Wayan Hesty Mayaswari dan I Gusti Wayan Murjana Yasa (Faculty of Economics and Bussiness, Universitas Udayana, Bali)
Women now have a lot of participation in the public sector. However, this would create a conflict of time division for women, both in domestic affairs and social activities as Balinese women. The objective of this study is to determine the influence of the number of dependents load, nonlabor income and cultural activities to the allocation of women’s time among souvenir traders at Mertha Nadi Legian Art Market simultaneously and partially. Data are collected by observation, questionnaires and unstructured interviews. The sampling technique uses systematic random sampling with a sample of 70 respondents. The results showed that non-work income change doesn’t affect the length of leisure time and working time allocation of women in the public sector. If the intensity is high for cultural activities, their time for work will be reduced. Women traders at Mertha Nadi Legian Art Market always have a reason to keep working besides many domestic job they are supposed to do for the sake of self-development and the welfare of her family.
Keywords: manpower, women, allocation of time
REVIU BUKU: Laki-laki Kalah atau Mengalah?
Muhadjir Darwin (Profesor Fisipol UGM)
Judul: The End of Men and the Rise of Women
Penulis: Hanna Rosin
Penerbit: Riverhead Books
Cetakan: Pertama, 2012
Tebal: 310 hlm
Dalam bukunya ini, Rosin menegaskan bahwa perempuan di mana pun di dunia menjadi lebih dominan di tempat kerja, pendidikan, rumah tangga, bahkan dalam cinta dan perkawinan. Boleh jadi di sejumlah negara, perempuan masih belum cukup menonjol di percaturan politik atau masih digaji lebih rendah daripada laki-laki untuk jenis pekerjaan yang sama. Untuk hal ini, Rosin menilainya sebagai artifak terakhir dari zaman lama yang sedang tenggelam, bukan sebagai konfigurasi yang permanen. Kemajuan yang dialami perempuan ini, menurut Rosin, bukan hasil dari perjuangan politik yang progresif, apakah dari perempuan atau laki-laki. Namun ini hanya sebuah kebetulan sejarah, yaitu munculnya era ekonomi baru yang disebut Rosin sebagai ekonomi pelayanan baru (the new service economy). Ini adalah era yang secara kebetulan menguntungkan perempuan. Mengapa? Sistem baru ini tidak lagi mengutamakan kekuatan fisik, tetapi kekuatan otak, komunikasi yang terbuka, kekuatan untuk duduk lebih lama, dan fokus. Semua ini bukanlah hal yang membuat lakilaki dapat menang dengan mudah. Era ini justru lebih cocok untuk perempuan sehingga mereka lebih mudah mengisinya.
See more for details: Populasi Vol. 23 No. 2 Tahun 2015